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Command line (Command Prompt) in the Windows operating system. Basic commands.

The Windows Command Prompt (CMD) provides a text-based interface for interacting with the operating system. Here are some reasons to use the Command Prompt on Windows:

Executing system commands: The Command Prompt provides access to a variety of system commands that allow you to manage files, directories, network settings, processes, etc. This is convenient for automating tasks and system management.

Accessing Tools and Utilities: You can use a variety of tools and utilities from the command line, such as ipconfig to view network configuration, chkdsk to check file system integrity, and many others.

Troubleshooting: Command Prompt can be useful in solving various problems such as repairing the bootloader, troubleshooting network problems, removing viruses and many others.

Automate tasks: Using scripts and batch files, you can automate the execution of a series of commands, simplifying routine tasks and reducing the time spent on certain processes.

User and Security Management: The Command Line also provides tools for managing users, changing access rights, administering group policies, and more.

To launch Command Prompt on Windows, follow these steps:

Using the Start menu:

Click on the "Start" button.

In the search field, enter "cmd" or "command prompt".

Select "Command Prompt" or "cmd" from the search results.

Using the Win + R key combination:

Press Win + R to open the Run dialog.

Type "cmd" and press Enter.

From Explorer:

Go to the directory where you want to open the command prompt.

Hold Shift and right-click on an empty space in the Explorer window.

Select "Open Command Window".

Here are some basic commands with their descriptions:

cd (Change Directory):

Description: Allows you to change the current working directory.

Example: cd Documents

dir (Directory):

Description: Shows the contents of the current directory.

Example: dir /w (display in columns)

copy (Copy):

Description: Copies files from one location to another.

Example: copy file.txt C:\Destination

del (Delete):

Description: Deletes one or more files.

Example: del file.txt

mkdir (Make Directory):

Description: Creates a new directory.

Example: mkdir NewFolder

rmdir (Remove Directory):

Description: Deletes a directory.

Example: rmdir OldFolder or rmdir /s /q OldFolder (delete with confirmation)

ren (Rename):

Description: Renames a file or directory.

Example: ren oldfile.txt newfile.txt


Description: Prints text to the command line.

Example: echo Hello, World!


Description: Prints the contents of a text file to the command line.

Example: type file.txt


Description: Shows information about the configuration of network adapters.

Example: ipconfig /all


Description: Checks the availability of a host on the network.

Example: ping


Description: Displays the status of network connections.

Example: netstat -an


Description: Shows a list of running processes.

Example: tasklist


Description: Terminates a process by its ID or name.

Example: taskkill /F /IM notepad.exe (force quit Notepad)


Description: Shows detailed information about the system.

Example: systeminfo

These are just a few example commands. On the command line, you can also use various options with commands to get more detailed information. The Windows Command Prompt provides a rich set of tools for managing files, networks, processes, and other aspects of the operating system.

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